A CNC (computer numerical control) router is a cutting machine that can perform the jobs of many different carpentry shop machines such as boring, milling, panel sawing and molding. They can also cut tenons and mortises.
A Computer Numerical Control (CNC) router is a great tool for craftsmen. You can “route” your material to your requirements as long as you have the right tools.
Read on to find out more about CNC routers, including the benefits of having one in your establishment and the different types available.
Benefits of a CNC Router
Individual artisans, from small shops to high production facilities, are on the lookout for new ways to offer valuable partnerships with their customers. One of the newest additions to the millwork shop is a CNC router.
Using a CNC machine offers you three distinct advantages.
Save Time and Money
CNC routers can make precise, efficient products and cuts in a fraction of the time it would take you to make them by hand. Automation of the unit helps save you both money and time.
Cut Precision You can Trust
Computer software controls the router machine. The bits receive precise instructions from the software to ensure each cut is the same. CNC routers are trustworthy machines that make restoring historical pieces, custom corbels and brackets, and small built-ins easy.
A CNC router will route the exact thing a thousand times over, with no variations. So, the CNC router is the answer when you want to create multiple, exact feature pieces for a project.
Common CNC Router Types
CNC routers come in various configurations. The configurations depend on the intended use of each unit. Here are three common CNC router configurations.
Industrial CNC Routers
Industrial CNC routers comprise more than 80 percent of CNC routers in circulation. Many carpentry and woodworking companies use several of these larger machines to produce furniture, cabinets, and doors etc. They are heavy-duty machines built for long hours of operation and harsh industrial conditions.
This is a general category in the CNC routers sphere. Industrial CNC routers make up a large percentage of the routers in use today.
Woodworking firms own several of these units to produce the bulk of their products, such as signs, doors, and furniture.
Industrial CNC router machines are the most expensive and the largest. They can handle harsh conditions and work for long hours non-stop, making them suitable for a profitable business./p>
Industrial CNC router models, such as the Cobra Elite Series, come with several features that help maximize efficiency, including:
- Dust collector systems
- Heavy-duty steel construction
- Automatic tool changing
- Large table sizes and custom sizes are available
- A complete user interface
- Free lifetime tech support
- Fast cutting speeds
- Mid-Range CNC Routers
Mid-range CNC Routers
Mid-range CNC models have the same internal components, precision, and accuracy as their big brother counterparts. But they are smaller and lighter.
These mid-range units run from 4-foot by 4 – foot to 5-foot by 10-foot layout. Mid-range CNC routers are a popular choice for businesses that have fewer production demands.
These routers are suitable for a small manufacturer.
Such models have less than the full package and do not come standard with features like vacuum tables and dust collection systems. However, models like the Panther CNC Series come with a fully welded frame and gantry usually found in industrial units.
Desktop CNC Routers
These small CNC routers are suitable for the enthusiast, a small business, or school.
Desktop CNC routers come with a mini table controlled via a computer controller. The Stinger I CNC Router, for example, is available in 2ftx3ft and 2ftx4ft sizes.
These units are ideal for small workshops or personal setups. Consider the workpiece material and size, speed, and accuracy with which the work will be done when choosing a desktop CNC router.
Multi-Axis CNC Routers
All CNC routers come with three axes to cut three dimensions. But some applications require more flexibility offered by 4- and 5-axis CNC routers.
A 4-axis CNC router means the spindle can rotate an extra plane or a turntable attached to the cutting bed. 5-axis CNC routers have a spindle that rotates two extra planes.
Choose 4- or 5-axis CNC routers if your project involves cutting a true 3D part.
Get Your Unit From the Best
CNC routers bring you several benefits and come in various configurations, each to fit almost any need. You also have the option of designing and building a CNC router that meets your requirements.